Tesla, Inc has evolved from being known for their electric automobiles to now being known as a sustainable energy company. Offering many services such as solar panels/roofs, residential energy storage, and commercial/utility clean energy storage, Tesla Inc. has hundreds of issued patents, which are now considered open source because CEO Elon Musk believes in the benefit of allowing others to grow this technology platform when used in good faith.
|Corporation||Patents and Published Applications Count|
|1. Tesla, Inc.||
|2. SolarCity (Tesla)||
|4. Neuralink Corp.||
|5. Toyota Motor Corporation||
|6. Hibar Systems Ltd.||
|8. Data Device Corporation||
|9. Nishikawa Rubber Co., Ltd.||
|10. Pnc Bank, National Association||
Solarcity, acquired by Tesla CEO Elon Musk in 2016, is also in a partnership with Panasonic (who manufactures Tesla’s Powerwall batteries for residential clean energy). Their patents are mainly focused on solar power incorporation through roofs of Tesla vehicles.
Once known almost exclusively for their cars, nowadays Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors, Inc.) is less an automotive company and more a sustainable energy company. What began as a quest to create better batteries for their vehicles led to acquisitions and a quest for knowledge that today puts the company in a position to offer solar panels/roofs, residential energy storage, and commercial/utility clean energy storage.
Tesla’s Elon Musk is known for his desire to make the company as vertically integrated as possible – a strategy used by no other car manufacturers around the world. Most manufacturers prefer a system of lean manufacturing with many suppliers to minimize the amount of inventory on site, whereas Tesla has taken the manufacturing of as many parts as possible in-house. Musk says vertical integration alleviates risk with suppliers and allows flexibility to push improvements to production at any time. None of the Tesla vehicles are a specific model year because changes – not just software but mechanical updates – can be made whenever necessary.
To this note, Tesla has made strategic acquisitions such as Maxwell Technologies for ultracapacitor energy storage, PERBIX for automated manufacturing equipment, Riviera Tool for die stamping systems, and of course SolarCity for solar energy services. Tesla also works with Panasonic on the production of battery cells and has had partnerships with multiple other automotive manufacturers such as Toyota. As of 2016, Tesla was 80% vertically integrated, and this figure has likely increased since.
In another unique strategy, Tesla has over hundreds of issued patents, but considers them open source. While this means Tesla won’t sue companies over infringement that don't sue it first, it asks that its patents be used in good faith – don’t directly copy its vehicles. Musk announced this strategy because he realizes that more electric vehicles on the road (and more vehicles needing charging stations) is a good thing – it creates a network externality that will not only help Tesla and the clean energy market continue to grow, but is beneficial to the environment.
Tesla’s portfolio is largely divided between powertrain, solar, and car bodies. Investment in solar has largely happened since the SolarCity acquisition, although SolarCity continues to file patent applications in the space. Tesla has also invested in manufacturing, having a good deal of patent documents relevant to its production of seats, and electronics, important for battery control and self-driving technologies. This all indicates that despite the open source strategy, the company is interested in securing the IP space around their inventions.
SpaceX, a space exploration technology subsidiary of Tesla, has mainly manufacturing related products. It has ran numerous tests with orbitable space vessels, and plans to launch their newest model, the “Super Heavy” ship and detachable Starhopper within the next 4 years.
|Categorization and Classification||Patents and Published Applications|
|12 Brain-machine Interface|
|21 Carbon , 11 Metal-air cells , 8 Inverter , 8 Lithium , 5 Metal-air battery pack , 3 Metal-air , 2 Non-metal-air battery|